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The desire of summer residents to get their own tomatoes as early as possible is quite understandable. Therefore, it is not surprising that many gardeners experiment and plant different early varieties of tomatoes all the time.
Description of the variety
Ultra-early ripening tomato - refers to varieties in which fruits appear approximately 70 days after seed germination. This variety is the result of the work of Siberian breeders. The main advantage of the Ultra-early ripening tomato is that it grows well in any Russian regions.
This variety is determinant and does not belong to hybrid. Standard bushes grow in height by 50-60 cm. The shape of the fruit is round, and the mass of the tomato is about 100 g (as in the photo).
About eight fruits are tied in one brush. The flesh of the tomatoes is quite dense, so the Ultra-early ripening tomatoes are easily transported over long distances.
According to the reviews of summer residents, with good care, you can collect up to 15 kg of fruit per square meter of area.
The Ultra-early ripening tomato is highly resistant to many diseases. This variety is unpretentious and grows superbly both in an open area and in a greenhouse.
Housewives especially like that tomatoes do not crack during heat treatment. Therefore, this tomato is suitable for whole fruit canning. Also, Ultra-early ripening tomatoes are great for fresh consumption.
Planting and leaving
When growing a tomato of the Ultra-early ripening variety, both seedling and non-seedling planting methods are used. Of course, in order for the name to justify itself, it makes sense to use the seedling method:
- in early March, the seeds germinate. For this, the grains are folded into a damp cloth and placed in a warm place for 4-5 days. The textile fabric is constantly moistened so that the seeds do not dry out;
- the soil is poured into a specially prepared container, leveled and moistened. To keep the sprouts strong, it is advisable to use a special seedling potting mix. On the surface of the earth, grooves are made with a depth of 1.5-2.5 cm, into which the seeds of Ultra-early ripening tomatoes are laid and covered with a thin layer of soil;
- so that the soil does not dry out and a constant temperature remains, the container is covered with plastic wrap. It is not recommended to place the box in direct sunlight, as the seeds can simply "cook";
- when the first shoots appear, the film is removed and the containers are placed in a warm, bright place. When two leaves appear on the seedlings, they dive - they are seated in separate pots.
One and a half to two weeks before planting seedlings, they begin to harden it. For this, the cups are taken out every day in the open air. Hardening begins in a few minutes. The seedlings should be outdoors all day before planting.
Advice! The place for hardening is selected protected from drafts and direct sunlight.
Seedlings of the Ultra-early ripening variety are planted in the garden at the beginning of June, when there is no longer a danger of sudden frosts and the earth warms up enough.
For planting an Ultra-early ripening tomato, you can choose both sunny and shaded areas. But it must be admitted that in shady areas the harvest ripens later. From soils, this variety prefers light fertile lands.
It is possible to form a planting of an Ultra-early ripening tomato in the form of rows of holes or trenches. The last method is the most convenient for watering.
Growing in a greenhouse
If you equip a greenhouse, then the seedlings will receive additional protection. In this case, the planting of Ultra-early ripening tomatoes can be carried out earlier - approximately May 14-19.
In order for the seedlings to get used to the conditions of the greenhouse, the boxes with tomatoes are left under the film for two to three days. Moreover, it is advisable to open the film for a day.
Important! In case of sudden frosts, the greenhouse can simply be covered with a thick cloth (blanket or bedspread).
Ultra early ripening tomato bushes are planted in holes arranged in two rows. You can use the 35x35 cm scheme.In the row spacings, a distance of 60-80 cm is adhered to.
There are a lot of options for arranging greenhouses. You can build stationary structures (from boards, glass doors) or mobile, temporary.
Important! When erecting permanent structures, it is necessary to plant varieties of tomatoes that will not create problems with courting.
Greenhouse construction stages
You will need PVC pipes, spunbond with a density of 30kg. m, pegs.
- Drawstrings 10 cm wide are adjusted on a rectangular canvas with a step of 50-60 cm. Drawstrings should be placed parallel to the narrow side of the canvas.
- PVC pipes are threaded inside the wings.
- Pegs are set along the beds with tomatoes (on both sides) at distances equal to the distances between the drawers on the canvas.
- The pipes are bent and put on pegs.
There are a lot of advantages of such a structure: the structure is easily removed, it is easy to fold and put away for long-term storage, all parts of the greenhouse can be simply replaced, the canvas is easily assembled in arcs (when it is necessary to open the greenhouse).
After transplanting the seedlings into a greenhouse, it is watered, and the soil is mulched so that a crust does not form on the surface of the earth. A week after transplantation, the Ultra-fast-ripening tomatoes are treated with anti-late blight remedies.
Since tomatoes do not welcome high humidity and temperatures above +30 ˚C, then on hot sunny days the greenhouse should be opened slightly.
Advice! As soon as constant warm weather is established, it is advisable to completely remove the greenhouse.
Top dressing and watering
Two to three weeks after planting the seedlings, it is recommended to apply fertilizers for the first time. For feeding, you can use the following solution: 25 g of nitrogen, 40 g of phosphorus, 15 g of potassium fertilizers are diluted in 10 liters of water. About 0.5-0.6 liters of solution is poured under each bush.
For the following dressings, complex inorganic fertilizers are also used. Best of all, the Ultra-early ripening tomato responds to the application of potash fertilizers.
But you can also use organics. The easiest way: dilute one liter of manure in 10 liters of water. Let this solution brew for 10-13 days. To fertilize tomatoes of the Ultra-early ripening variety, it is necessary to dilute a liter of infusion with 10 liters of water and pour the final solution into the ground. A liter of top dressing is enough for one bush.
Important! The periods of ovary formation and fruit formation are the most important for feeding.
When choosing an irrigation regime for the Ultra-early ripening variety, it must be borne in mind that tomatoes do not tolerate constant stagnation of moisture in the soil. Therefore, the best option is abundant, but infrequent watering. It is important to take into account the climatic characteristics of the region.
When irrigating a tomato of the Ultra-early ripening variety, the general rules for watering tomatoes are applied:
- it is not allowed to get water on the stems and leaves;
- in hot sunny weather, watering is carried out in the evening;
- in cloudy weather, you can water the tomatoes at any time;
- it is advisable to use warm, settled water for irrigation;
- drip system is the most acceptable irrigation option.
The Ultra early ripening tomato variety can be considered unpretentious and to get a good harvest, it is enough to regularly loosen the ground and weed weeds. In order not to damage the root system, loosen the soil near the trunks carefully. Hilling of bushes is also periodically carried out.
Advice! Thanks to the pinching of the bushes, the yield of the Ultra-early ripening variety increases.
The Ultra-early ripening tomato belongs to the standard varieties, which means that it is not necessary to tie up the bushes. However, according to the reviews of summer residents, the supports protect the tomatoes from falling during natural disasters (heavy rains or faith). In addition, in cool areas, tying tomatoes provides ventilation of the bushes and protects against late blight.
Pests and diseases
The Ultra-early ripening variety practically does not suffer from diseases. The exception is late blight, which can occur with sudden changes in temperature and humidity. Therefore, when arranging greenhouses, you must carefully monitor the bushes, avoid high humidity. As a preventive measure, it is recommended to spray the bushes with a solution of Bordeaux liquid.
Among the pests of tomatoes, the whitefly, the bear are worthy of attention. The appearance of the whitefly leads to the appearance of a special plaque on the tomatoes and the plant dies over time. To get rid of the whitefly, you can spray the bushes with Confidor, Mospilan, Akelik.
The Ultra-early ripening tomato is very undemanding and, with minimal care, gives a fairly good yield. Therefore, even a novice gardener can plant such tomatoes and enjoy the early harvest.
Reviews of summer residents
Nikolay Veselov, Taganrog
I planted the Ultra-early ripening tomato in open ground, did not bother with greenhouses. The harvest ripened earlier than other early varieties. The tomatoes are beautiful looking and taste great. The harvest was good, we even managed to roll up a few jars. I will plant the Ultra early ripening variety in the next seasons.
Natalia Sergeeva, Samara
I have already planted an Ultra-early ripening tomato and advised this variety to many friends. I like that their tomatoes appear early to the table, and they are tasty and beautiful.