Characteristics of the Lamancha goat breed: content, how much milk gives

Characteristics of the Lamancha goat breed: content, how much milk gives

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This breed of goat was registered not so long ago, but quickly attracted attention. Many goat breeders fall in love with these goats at first sight, while others, on the contrary, generally do not recognize them as a separate breed. At least, Lamancha goats will definitely not leave anyone indifferent to themselves. What is so attractive about them that for many years has caused sometimes heated debates and discussions?

History of the breed

There is a historical province in Spain called La Mancha. On the other hand, it is known that back in the 17th-19th centuries, Spanish missionaries brought short-eared goats with them to America for breeding both for meat and milk. Goats have spread to many regions of Latin and South America, and also entered the United States. They were crossed with many native breeds, but short-eared often continued to dominate.

Attention! Back at the beginning of the 20th century, goats with short ears came to the World Exhibition in Paris under the name La Mancha, and this name soon became a generally accepted term for earless goats.

In the middle of the last century, several American breeders from California conceived to create a new dairy breed and took short-eared goats as a basis, which were crossed with the highest yielding representatives of other dairy breeds: Zaanen, Nubian, Alpine and others. As a result, in 1958, a separate breed was registered, which received the official name Lamancha.

At the same time, short-eared goats continue to exist on the territory of modern Spain and in adjacent regions. It is also believed that such goats are most common in the vicinity of north latitude 40 degrees. Indeed, there is documentary evidence of short-eared goats found in Iran, Turkey, Cyprus and Czechoslovakia. Even in our country, they are quite common in Karachay-Cherkessia and in the Rostov region. Moreover, they met there for a long time, and were not imported from America. And it should be noted that almost all owners of short-eared goats note their tenderness of character and pleasant taste of milk. But by inertia, all short-eared goats are called by one name - Lamancha.

Description of the breed

The color of this breed can be very diverse, including uniform and speckled. The muzzle should be straight according to the standard, but sometimes the so-called Roman nose is found, apparently inherited from her Nubian great-great-relatives.

The Lamancha goat breed is of medium size, goats usually grow at the withers of about 71-72 cm, goats - 76 cm. If we talk about body weight, then an adult goat should weigh at least 52 kg, respectively, the mass of a goat should not be less than 64 kg. Animals have a strong constitution, proportional in size with an elongated muzzle.

The coat is usually quite short, but smooth and soft.

The udder is well developed, usually round in shape and quite voluminous with well-defined nipples.

There are both hornless animals and horns.

But the main difference of this breed is, of course, in the very peculiar ears. For a person who sees the Lamancha goats for the first time in his life, it may seem that they are generally deaf. There are actually two varieties:

  1. Gopher (or gopher) ears are very short, up to 2.5 cm long, with almost no cartilage and bends.
  2. Elf ears - look like very small ears, up to 4-5 cm long with a small cartilage.

Attention! Only animals with gopher ears are allowed to register by breed.

Since if both the mother and the father have elf ears, the likelihood of offspring with normal ears increases.

Breed characteristics: advantages and disadvantages

The original goal of breeding the new breed was to obtain the most promising dairy breed, so that it took all the best features from its predecessors. In part, the goal was achieved. Since the average fat content of milk was increased to 4%, against 3.5% of the main part of the so-called Swiss goats (that is, Alpine, Saanen, Toggenburg and Oberhazli). The level of fat content of milk of Nubian goats (4-5%) was just a little short, although in terms of taste it may already be close to the characteristic creamy taste of milk from Nubians.

In terms of average milk yield, the Lamancha breed stands approximately in the middle between all the above breeds, ahead of the Nubians and not reaching the Zaanen and Alpines. True, it is worth noting that the owners of Lamancha goats talk about the uniformity of milk yield throughout the year, and this is an unequivocally positive sign. Since the peak values ​​of milk yield by themselves mean little if in the last months of lactation the goat greatly reduces the amount of milk, which is not at all uncommon in many animals of the dairy direction. On average, it can be said that La Mancha goats produce about 4-5 liters of milk per day. Although there are also known champions capable of giving up to 8 or 9 liters per day during the peak season.

Watch the video of the Lamancha goat milking to appreciate the milkiness of this breed:

Thus, the Lamancha breed has many advantages, thanks to which it is very popular all over the world:

  • Unpretentiousness and resistance to various conditions of keeping and feeding.
  • There is no unpleasant odor, including from brood goats.
  • Good performance of offspring reproduction, can bring 3-5 kids annually.
  • Milk productivity at average values ​​is quite stable throughout the year, high-fat milk is ideal for making cheese. (For example: from 30 liters of milk you can get 4.5-5 kg ​​of the most valuable goat cheese).
  • Calm and affectionate nature makes keeping this breed a real pleasure.
  • Some breeders note the variety of possible colors as an advantage of this breed - you will never get bored with Lamancha goats.

The disadvantages of the Lamancha breed are only its small ears, to which it is difficult to attach an identification tag. Therefore, the mark is usually placed on the area near the tail.

Maintenance and care

Lamancha goats are really very unpretentious in keeping and easily adapt to the conditions that you can provide them. But in order for the goat to delight you with its valuable milk for many years, the basic requirements for care must be met.

For the Lamancha goats to live, an ordinary insulated barn is enough, in which a concrete floor is poured with a slope for draining the liquid. In the common room, it is advisable for each animal to provide its own stall so that it feels its territory, but can constantly "talk" with its neighbors. In the stall, the floor is covered with a sufficient layer of straw for warmth in winter, and wooden loungers are always arranged, because goats love to lie on a hill and rarely lie on the floor. In addition, they will be much warmer on them in winter.

Feeding goats must be regular and complete. In the summer, they usually find everything they need on their own, provided they have enough space to graze. It is only necessary that in hot weather they have access to drinking water around the clock.

Important! During the lactation period, it is imperative to feed the goats with grain mixtures with the addition of minerals and vitamins, especially salt and chalk.

Only in this case the quantity and quality of milk will completely satisfy you.

For the winter period, it is necessary to stock up a sufficient amount of hay, based on an average consumption of about 5 kg per day per individual. Various brooms of wood and shrub species are also very useful and tasty for dairy goats Lamancha in winter. The most valuable are willow brooms, the consumption of which has a beneficial effect on the work of the stomach. It is better to harvest them in the summer and dry them under a canopy. The photo below shows with what pleasure the goats eat willow.

In winter, it is desirable that the temperature in the goat's house does not drop below + 5 ° C. And, the main thing, of course, is to clean up in time the room where the animals are kept and change their bedding regularly, since what goats really do not like is dampness.

If you follow these simple requirements, then Lamancha goats, differing in a very calm, affectionate and unpretentious disposition, will fit well into your backyard life and will delight you for a long time with their delicious and healing milk.

Watch the video: ALPINE GOAT BREED - Highest Milk Producing Goat Breeds in the World. Alpine Goat Farming Guide (December 2022).

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