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Persimmon Bull's heart - a variety on a frost-resistant rootstock. Suitable for growing in temperate climates. The culture is light-loving, unpretentious in care, with good resistance to diseases and pests. Dessert variety, large-fruited, with a high tasting rating. Persimmon contains a large amount of vitamins and elements useful for the body.
Description of persimmon varieties Bull heart with photo
Persimmon is a thermophilic crop native to Asia, where it grows in the wild and is also commercially cultivated.
Wild varieties can be found in Russia only in the southern regions. Frost-resistant varieties have been created for gardens and farm plots in temperate climates.
Bovine heart - a variety for the rootstock of the Virginia persimmon, zoned in the climatic conditions of the Moscow region. Recommended for the Middle, Central zone and the North Caucasus. In Siberia and the Urals, the fruits do not have time to ripen before frost.
Grows persimmon Bull heart in the shape of a tree. The crown is dense, wide, the leaves are bright green, oval, arranged alternately. The maximum height of persimmon Bull's heart is 5 m. But the variety reaches this size only in the South. Persimmons do not grow in temperate climates above 2.5–3 m.
Flowering and pollination
The plant blooms 3-4 years after planting in May, the cycle lasts until June. Flowers are formed in leaf axils singly, less often in several pieces. They have a bell-shaped, four-petal calyx. Inflorescences are yellow or beige. The shade depends on the sufficiency of lighting, it is lighter in the sun. There is only one ovule in each nest.
Persimmon Bovine heart reproduces by parthenogenesis, it does not require cross-pollination or insect interference
Additional planting of other crop varieties on the site is irrelevant.
Attention! With an insufficient amount of moisture and light, some of the persimmon flowers crumble.
Description of fruits (shape, color, size, weight, taste)
The bovine heart belongs to large-fruited, dessert varieties, with the following characteristics:
- heart-shaped, rounded, narrowed downward;
- the peel is thin, with a glossy sheen, uniform, even, bright orange;
- the pulp is sweet, juicy, fibrous, orange at the stage of technical ripeness, light brown at the time of ripening;
- no seeds;
- the mass of fruits is not the same. On one tree there are specimens weighing from 200 to 500 g, the average diameter is 8 cm.
This persimmon variety is not transportable: ripe fruits are soft. They do not tolerate mechanical damage.
Important! When an unripe crop is removed, the fruits turn out to have a strong astringent taste.
Persimmon is low-calorie (2 kcal), therefore it is included in the diet menu
Ripening and fruiting dates
Bovine heart belongs to mid-season varieties. The fruits ripen from mid to late October. Persimmon bears fruit on the shoots of the current season. In order for the flowering to be intense and the plant has enough light, rejuvenating pruning is carried out on the tree at least once every five years. Remove old branches and shoots growing inward. The rate of fruiting depends on this event.
According to the varietal characteristics, the Bull Heart is an early ripening variety. Persimmon gives its first harvest at the age of three. Reaches full yields by the age of five. With timely feeding, watering and processing from possible pests, 60–80 kg of fruits can be harvested from an adult tree.
Persimmon frost resistance Bull heart
The variety is grafted onto a frost-resistant stock. According to varietal characteristics, it resists frost -25-300 C. These indicators are characteristic of a plant of reproductive age. Seedlings after planting and in the next two years must be protected from the cold in the fall.
Basically, the root system and the grafting point are affected. In temperate climates, the plant is spud up in the fall and covered with mulch. The stem is wrapped with any covering material. For the South, this measure is not relevant; in a warm climate, persimmon winters without additional measures.
Growing persimmon Bull heart
The cultivar does not differ in agricultural technology from any frost-resistant representative of the culture. For persimmons, southeastern slopes or flat terrain are allocated, protected from the northern side by large-sized trees or by the wall of a building. Exposure to the north wind in spring brings significant damage to the plant. The tree blooms relatively early, the cold wind and possible return frosts lead to the fall of the buds.
Persimmon is moisture-loving, but with a constantly high soil moisture there is a risk of root rot and plant death. The site is chosen drained, the wetland is not considered.
Do not plant the Bull Heart variety in the shade, during the whole daylight hours the persimmon should be in the sun. Without a sufficient amount of ultraviolet radiation, the plant develops poorly and does not bear fruit. The composition of the soil for persimmon should be neutral or slightly alkaline, fertile, aerated. The variety is propagated by seedlings. In rare cases, it is possible to grow planting material from a bone.
It is quite problematic to propagate the Bovine Heart by seeds, the fruits are in 90% of the total collection without seeds. A seed in a berry is rather an exception to the rule. If, nevertheless, it was possible to collect the seeds, there is no guarantee that they will sprout.
Persimmon bones are large, conical, dark brown
How to do it:
- Planting material is taken from a well-ripe fruit.
- Wash to remove residual pulp fibers.
- Wrapped in a damp cloth or placed in wet cotton wool, then in a packing bag and left to soften the hard shell for 10 days. Make sure that the material is always wet.
- A mixture is made of peat, compost, sand and soil in equal parts. Ash is added.
- Each bone is planted in a separate container with a volume of approximately 0.5 liters.
- The container for the seedling is filled with soil, a 3 cm depression is made in the center, a bone is placed in it.
They are placed in a lighted place, located away from heating appliances. Room temperature is good. Water once a week.
A self-grown bull heart seedling is planted in open ground at the age of one year
In the spring, when the temperature stably stops at a positive mark, the persimmon is taken out to the site, gradually adapted to direct sunlight.
Acquire Bovine heart planting material at two or three years of age. It should be in a shipping container or with an earthen ball. If the root system is open, pay attention to its condition. It should be well developed, without dry areas and mechanical damage.
Before planting, the persimmon root is treated with an antifungal agent and placed in a growth stimulator for two hours.
The Bull Heart is planted in the spring (in April) or in the fall, so that at least one and a half months remains before frost. This period is necessary for rooting.
A planting hole for the Bull's heart is dug on the day of planting:
- The sod layer of soil is mixed with compost and sand in the same amount, a nitrogen-containing agent is added.
- A drainage layer is placed on the bottom. The nutrient mixture is divided into three parts. 1/3 is poured to the bottom, making a conical embankment.
- A stake is driven in the center.
- The seedling is placed in the pit by grafting to the south, the roots are distributed along the embankment.
- They fall asleep with a part of the soil, tamp, fill the hole completely, compact.
- The trunk is fixed to the stake with twine and watered abundantly. A day later, the trunk circle is mulched.
How to care
You can get a harvest of persimmons only with proper crop care.
Agrotechnics of growing a bull's heart:
- Persimmons are watered depending on the precipitation in the region. Waterlogging and drying out of the soil must not be allowed.
- Fertilizers are applied: nitrogen-containing fertilizers in spring, potash during flowering, at the time of fruit setting, they are fed with superphosphate, at the end of the season they use mineral fertilizers.
- At the beginning and at the end of the season, prophylactic treatment of Bovine Heart persimmons against fungal infection is carried out. When pests appear, measures are taken in a timely manner to eliminate them.
In the spring, the Bull Heart persimmon is examined, mulch is replaced, dry or frost-damaged branches are cut off.
Harvesting and storage
Harvest at the end of October. During removal from the tree, the fruits are taken by the receptacle, so as not to leave dents on the surface, and, according to the principle of screwing in, the paws are torn off. So that the persimmon does not come into contact, it is placed in a box with separate cells.
The shelf life of the Ox Heart is insignificant. At zero temperature with minimal moisture, fruits can be stored for up to three months. At room temperature - no more than two weeks. Therefore, after collecting persimmons, they are immediately processed.
Persimmon Bull heart is a sweet, dessert variety. Berries are consumed fresh, they are suitable for processing into preserves, jams. Low-alcohol tinctures are prepared from the fruits. The cultivar's agricultural technology is standard for the culture. Subject to the requirements for growing, the Bovine Heart feels comfortable in a temperate climate and gives a good harvest.
Reviews of persimmon Bull heart
Sobolev Sergey, Kolomna
The bull heart on the site bears fruit for the second year. An unpretentious culture feels comfortable in our climate. Fruits by weight correspond to the varietal characteristics. Harvested too early in the first year, so the persimmon was astringent. In this season, it allowed to ripen well, the taste turned out to be much better, and there was practically no viscosity.
Irina Stasova, Voronezh
For me, planting an exotic plant was an experiment. Winters in the region are cold, so I did not hope that the Oxheart would survive. The seedling rooted well, but it had to be insulated for the winter. The tree bloomed in the third year, but did not bear fruit. We tried the berry taste for the next season. Ripe were without astringent taste. And the unripe specimens were sent to the freezer to remove the astringency and preserve until winter.