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It is difficult to find a gardener who has never grown sweet peppers in his area. Despite his exactingness to the conditions of care, he rightfully took his niche in our garden plots. quite a lot of sweet pepper has been bred. All of them differ not only in their taste and color, but also in the shape of the fruit. In this article, we'll look at varieties of sweet peppers with long fruits.
Sweet or bell peppers are so popular for a reason. All his exactingness to care is more than offset by the benefits of its use. It contains the following vitamins and minerals:
- vitamin C;
- B vitamins;
- iron and others.
Important! In terms of vitamin C content, bell peppers leave far behind not only black currants, but also lemon. In order to get a daily dose of this vitamin, it is enough to eat 40 g of its pulp daily.
Due to its composition rich in vitamins and minerals, sweet peppers have a positive effect on the circulatory and nervous system. Vitamin P, which is contained in this vegetable, will help maintain the elasticity of blood vessels and capillaries. This makes it especially useful in the prevention of atherosclerosis and thrombosis. In addition, it is used to prevent and treat the following diseases:
- osteoporosis and others.
It is better to refrain from excessive use of it for hypertension, kidney and liver diseases, as well as for diseases of the digestive system.
Characteristics of varieties
Breeders have developed a sufficient number of varieties of bell peppers with a long fruit shape. We will consider the most popular varieties, depending on the timing of their ripening.
Early varieties will be able to please the gardener with a harvest within 100 days from the moment of germination. They are perfect for both greenhouses and open ground.
This hybrid variety is distinguished by the size of its fruits. Each of its peppers will be at least 25 cm long. Some specimens can grow up to 30 cm in length. The weight of the fruit will be about 500 grams. The thickness of their walls will not exceed 6 mm. In their shape, the peppers resemble the elongated beak of a cockatoo bird. At biological maturity, they are colored bright red. The pulp of the fruit is quite fleshy and very aromatic. It is perfect for canning.
Advice! The plants of this hybrid are quite tall. In order for them not to break under the weight of their fruits, it is recommended to tie them up.
You also need to monitor the number of fruits on each bush - there should be no more than 10 pieces.
The F1 cockatoo has good immunity to verticellosis, tobacco mosaic and top rot. The yield of one plant of this hybrid will be about 3 kg.
Powerful Marconi bushes are up to 90 cm high. Peppers are located on them in a shape resembling an elongated cone. Their length will be about 22 cm, their weight will not exceed 200 grams, and the wall thickness will be 5 mm. Their color changes depending on their degree of maturity from green to red. The high commercial qualities of the long Marconi peppers are perfectly combined with their excellent taste. They have tender and juicy flesh.
Important! According to many gardeners, the Marconi variety is one of the best early maturing varieties with long peppers.
Marconi is distinguished by its yield - up to 10 kg per square meter.
The compact plant of this variety can grow up to 60 cm in height. The pepper is long in shape and slightly elongated. Its length will be about 24 cm, width 6 cm, and its weight is about 140 grams. The wall thickness of the Orien pepper will be 5 mm. Light yellow long fruits will turn bright red as they ripen. They have excellent taste and are ideal for cooking and canning.
The yield per square meter will be about 5 kg.
Compact bushes of sweet banana peppers grow up to 65 cm in height. After flowering, they are covered with light yellow fruits. When they reach biological maturity, the color changes to orange-red. The Sweet Banana variety is distinguished by the high quality of its fruits. The pepper is long - up to 17 cm and has the shape of a banana. Its weight will be about 250 grams, and the wall thickness will not exceed 8 cm. The fruit pulp is juicy and has a delicate aroma. It is perfect both for fresh consumption and for canning.
The sweet banana has good resistance to many diseases, especially top rot. The yield of plants will be about 4 kg per square meter.
Mid-season peppers can be harvested 110 to 120 days after germination.
The semi-spreading, powerful bushes of the Red Elephant can grow up to 90 cm in height. Fruits in the form of an elongated cone are placed on them. Their surface has a highly pronounced glossy sheen. During the period of technical maturity, they are colored green, and during the period of biological maturity, they are dark red. Their length will not exceed 22 cm, and their weight will be about 150 grams. The wall thickness of the peppers will be in the range of 4 to 5 mm. The pulp is quite juicy with a slight peppery aroma.
The yield of the Red Elephant will not exceed 7 kg per square meter.
This variety has bushes up to 50 cm in height. Its pepper is long - about 20 cm with a weight of up to 250 grams. The fruit wall thickness will not exceed 9 mm. The Shepherd variety is prized among gardeners due to the original shape of its peppers. They look like an elongated cone with a slightly sharp tip. During the period of biological maturity, they are red in color. The flesh of its long fruits is sweet and very juicy. It is perfect for canning.
The shepherd has good resistance to pepper spot and tobacco mosaic virus.
The variety is characterized by rather powerful vigorous bushes up to 60 cm in height. Its fruits grow up to 17 cm in length and weigh up to 135 grams. The wall thickness will be about 6 mm. They have a conical shape with slight ribbing. During the period of technical ripeness, the fruits are colored creamy yellow, and during the biological period, red. The thin skin of the Sugar Cone hides the tender, sweet and juicy flesh.
The value of this variety lies in the abundant fruiting for a long time.
Plants of this hybrid are quite sprawling with a height of up to 1.5 meters. Their long fruits are shaped like a trunk. The weight of each of them will not exceed 100 grams, and the wall thickness will be about 6 mm. The light green color of long Hottabych F1 peppers changes from light green to pale yellow as they ripen. The pulp is very tender and sweet. It can retain its taste characteristics even after long-term storage.
Hottabych F1 is resistant to top rot, and its yield will be about 7 kg per square meter.
They are perfect for greenhouses and open ground in the southern regions. Fruiting of late-ripening varieties occurs in 125-130 days from the emergence of shoots.
Mammoth tusks F1
This hybrid variety is able to surprise even the most experienced gardener with its size. On its bushes up to 1 meter in height, up to 12 fruits can form at the same time. The pepper of this hybrid grows up to 27 cm in length and weighs 300 grams. Its green color gradually and unevenly changes to a bright yellow color, and then to red. The pepper tastes sweet, with tender and juicy pulp. It is best consumed fresh, but it will work well for canning too.
The yield of this hybrid variety is completely independent of the soil. Moreover, its plants are resistant to tobacco mosaic.
This variety has rather spreading bushes with a height of up to 1 meter. Its elongated fruits weighing up to 120 grams are cylindrical with a sharp tip. During the period of biological maturity, their color becomes bright red. The variety is distinguished by its dense and very juicy pulp with a slight peppery aroma.
Horn red has good resistance to many diseases.
This variety has not only long fruits, but also long bushes - up to 1.5 meters in height. They are not very leafy and semi-spreading. The Python variety stands out noticeably among other varieties. Its pepper is long - up to 27 cm and weighing up to 60 grams. Its wall thickness will not exceed 3 mm.
Important! Pepper of the Python variety looks very similar to hot peppers, but has a sweet flesh.
The color of the long python fruits changes depending on their maturity. Green unripe fruits gradually turn red and acquire a glossy shine. A distinctive feature of Python is the lack of bitterness in the pulp of peppers. They can be consumed at any stage of maturity, both fresh and for cooking.
The yield of plants will amount to 3.8 kg per square meter.
Peppers, like other crops in the nightshade family, are grown through seedlings. You can learn about its preparation from the video:
Seedlings planted in a permanent place require proper care. This is the only way to achieve a bountiful harvest of this crop. Care includes:
- Optimal temperature conditions. For normal growth, pepper plants require a temperature of at least 21 degrees. If the pepper grows in a greenhouse, then it needs to be regularly ventilated, and even open the door in hot weather.
Important! Long-term exposure to temperatures above 30 degrees, pepper plants may die.
- Regular watering. It should be done no more than 2-3 times a week. For each plant, you need to add from 1 to 2 liters of water. In order for the land to dry out less between waterings, it can be mulched.
- Fertilizers. The frequency of feeding should not exceed 2 times a month. Good results are obtained using slurry, poultry manure, wood ash, superphosphate and ammonium nitrate. The optimal time for feeding is in the morning from 8 to 11 o'clock.
Important! Fertilizers can burn the leaves of the plant, so they should be poured under the root, being careful not to hurt the foliage.
For compliance with the recommendations, the plants of this culture will reward the gardener with an excellent harvest.
Lydia, 51 years old, Tula
For me, the main criterion when choosing seeds is the photo on the package. This time the choice fell on the Orienne variety. I grew it in a greenhouse. From leaving there was only watering and one top dressing with nettle infusion. The harvest was not very plentiful, but good. This pepper tastes great, so I will plant more.
Elena, 28 years old, Odintsovo
I chose the sugar cone variety according to photos and reviews from neighbors. Seed germination was excellent. The seedlings turned out to be strong, almost all of them lasted until they were planted in the greenhouse. The fruits are delicious and sweet. No wonder they are called Sugar Cone. Now I myself will advise him to disembark.