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How to plant sunflowers from seeds in the country

How to plant sunflowers from seeds in the country


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Planting sunflowers from seeds in the country is a simple matter that does not require special skills and efforts. In addition to a good harvest, this culture will serve as an attractive decor for the plot and create additional flavor on it. Ornamental varieties are used to decorate front gardens and flower beds, and are also planted at home as indoor plants.

Recently, sunflowers have been used in landscape design.

Is it possible to plant sunflowers

The sunflower is a beautiful annual that produces delicious seeds and delights the eye with its bright flowering. Usually they are sown fields for use in industrial production, but the desire to grow a crop on a personal plot is also not prohibited. The main thing is to follow all the rules when planting and choose the right variety. Food sunflowers are used to obtain seeds, and decorative ones are used as decoration of the site.

Sunflower growing conditions

The sunflower is unpretentious in care, tolerates light frosts well (up to -5 0C) and drought, does not require special conditions for cultivation. There are no difficulties with planting a plant either. Almost any soil is suitable, fertilizers are practically not required, the main condition is a sufficient amount of sunlight.

Sunflowers are planted in a well-lit area

How to grow a sunflower seed

A mandatory procedure before growing sunflower seeds is their calibration (specimens must be full-bodied, whole, not fried) and pickling. Seedlings are a favorite treat for birds and rodents. To scare off eaters, planting material must be treated with a special powder or solution before sowing. Pickle mix can be purchased at your garden store or prepared at home. The solution, which is often used by summer residents, is done as follows:

  1. Peel the head of garlic, pass through a press.
  2. Combine the mass with onion husks.
  3. Pour the mixture with boiling water (2 l).
  4. Insist 24 hours.
  5. Strain.

For a positive effect, the seeds are kept in a garlic solution for 12 hours.

Some gardeners resort to seed germination before planting sunflowers. To do this, they are wrapped in a damp cloth, placed in a bag and put away in a warm place for two days.

When to plant a sunflower outdoors

Sowing of sunflower seeds begins in the last days of April and until mid-May. It is desirable that the earth at this moment was warmed up to a temperature of + 10-12 degrees Celsius.

Each variety takes a different amount of time to ripen. From sowing to harvesting, it can take 70-150 days. Sunflower seedlings appear two weeks after planting.

Where to plant sunflower

An excellent place for planting sunflowers will be the area where cabbage, grain crops and corn were grown before. It is desirable that the soil for the plant is chernozem, loam and chestnut soil with a pH of 5-6. It is also acceptable to use sandstone and wetlands with pH 4.

Many gardeners plant plants along fences and walls to provide shelter from the wind.

Important! Where a sunflower grew, it is not recommended to plant it for another 7 years.

The larger the gap between the plants, the wider their caps grow.

Growing and caring for sunflowers in the open field

Anyone can grow a sunflower from an ordinary seed in the country. Planting and caring for a crop requires almost no effort, it grows very quickly. As a result, a tasty and attractive-looking garden decoration is obtained from a small seed.

Selection and preparation of the landing site

For growing sunflowers, open areas that are well lit by sunlight are best suited. But at the same time, they must be protected from wind and drafts. Before sowing seeds, the garden must be dug up. Simultaneously with the implementation of this process, it is desirable to fertilize the soil with nitrogen-phosphorus fertilizing.

Sunflower planting technology

For planting sunflowers, using a hoe, pits are made at a distance of at least 30 cm from each other. This interval is determined depending on which variety and the number of sunflowers you plan to grow. It is calculated according to the following scheme:

  1. When planting low-growing varieties, seeds are planted at a distance of 40 cm.
  2. When growing medium varieties, a gap of 50 cm is maintained between the seeds.
  3. When sowing large plants, the distance is left at least 80-90 cm.

The planting material is deepened into the ground by 6-8 cm. Experienced gardeners are advised to put 3 seeds in the holes, and tamp the soil well after planting.

Watering and feeding

In order for the sunflower harvest to be of high quality, the gardener should make some effort. The culture needs timely watering, loosening, weed control; the trunks are of great importance. Despite the fact that the plant is strong and can bear the weight of the heads well, there is a danger of fracture in the wind.

Watering sunflowers should be frequent. Since the crop is large in size and has large leaves, it requires a lot of moisture to fill the seeds. Top dressing is carried out after abundant watering and removal of weeds. The first time the fertilizer is applied for the growth of the vegetative mass, a couple of weeks after the emergence of shoots. Use nitrogen fertilizing, for example, urea (2 tablespoons per 10 liters of water). After 3 weeks, potash fertilizers are applied, they will contribute to the formation of full seed boxes. After another 20 days, it is advisable to feed the sunflowers with potash fertilizer in combination with phosphorus fertilizers.

Attention! The culture is not very fond of nitrogen, so you cannot overdo it with this fertilizer.

To prevent the stem of the sunflower from breaking, it must be tied up.

Reproduction of sunflowers

Annual sunflower varieties reproduce well by seeds. You can buy them in a specialty store or assemble them yourself. To do this, at the stage of seed ripening, the heads must be protected from birds (tied with gauze). When the time comes, the inflorescences must be cut and dried in a ventilated area. Then take out the seeds and store them.

The crop is considered cross-pollinated. To avoid baskets with empty and small seeds, it is not advisable to take planting material from sunflowers planted three years in a row.

Diseases and pests of sunflowers

The sunflower is considered a pest and disease resistant crop. Most often, they are attacked by birds that use the seeds as food. Among the insects that harm the plant, the cotton scoop is distinguished. She feeds on flowers and leaves of sunflower, because of this, he begins to weaken, becomes vulnerable. To prevent the appearance of an insect, it is necessary to regularly weed the area. If the parasite has already attacked, the plants should be treated with insecticides. The procedure must be completed one month before harvest.

It is necessary to choose varieties resistant to parasites and diseases.

Another pest that can attack a plant is a moth. Its caterpillars gnaw and eat the contents of the seeds. Insecticides are also used to combat it.

Among the diseases affecting culture, there are:

  • gray and white rot;
  • phomopsis.

Timely weeding, regular watering and fungicide treatment helps to fight ailments.

Important! The seeds of hybrid sunflower varieties have a hard shell that pests cannot gnaw through.

Harvesting sunflowers

Sunflower ripens unevenly, but usually this happens 2-3 weeks after flowering of the central part of the inflorescence. In all regions, this happens in different ways, from about August 15 to the end of September. As soon as the plant begins to dry out, the head tilted and hung, and the leaves almost all fell off, it is time for harvesting. Achenes need to be cut off, covered with a cloth and left to dry for a couple of days. After that, remove the seeds, wash and dry, remove the spoiled specimens and garbage, and pour the whole ones into a container or paper bag.

Important! To get the most out of your seeds, they need to be eaten raw or slightly dried.

How to grow a homemade sunflower

The sunflower can be grown at home as a houseplant. Despite the fact that the crop is tall, there are decorative varieties that allow planting in pots.

A container for a home sunflower is chosen based on the size of an adult plant, preferably with a large radius (from 40 cm) and drainage holes. It is disinfected before use. The soil should be taken loose, well-drained, with a supply of nutrients. Before planting on the bottom of the container, you need to lay out a layer of pebbles, expanded clay or perlite, then cover the soil and water. Seeds are planted to a depth of 2-3 cm, 2 pieces per hole.

When caring for a decorative sunflower, you need to provide it with constant humidity and long daylight hours. In the warm season, it is better to take the plant out to the balcony or loggia.

Ornamental sunflower varieties can be grown in pots and pots

Useful Tips

Experienced gardeners when breeding sunflowers are advised not to neglect the basic rules for their care:

  1. At first, it is advisable to protect seedlings from high temperatures. The heat has a negative effect on young sprouts.
  2. When two true leaves appear on the sunflower, thinning must be carried out. Leave the strongest sprout, and cut off the excess.
  3. The culture is not demanding on the soil, but for its good development it is better to choose a site with fertile, slightly acidic soil.
  4. Planting a sunflower is not recommended in the beds where beets, legumes and tomatoes were previously grown.
  5. Watering the culture must be done at the root. Preferably in the morning or evening.
  6. Potassium fertilization will help attract bees to the sunflower, which pollinate it.

Conclusion

Planting sunflowers from seeds in the country is easy. The main thing is to find the right place for them, process the seeds before sowing and provide timely care. Due to its resistance to cold and drought, sunflower can be planted in almost all countries of the world. Since its seeds contain a large amount of trace elements, planting not only creates decor, but also benefits.


Watch the video: How to Plant Sunflower Seeds (September 2022).

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