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White peonies are especially highly valued by gardeners; such flowers cannot be overlooked on the site. Numerous varieties deserve detailed study, as they can vary greatly in shape and size.
Variety of varieties of white peonies
Snow-white flowers are usually divided into several categories. First of all, peonies are:
Treelike varieties reach 2 m in height
Herbaceous varieties usually do not exceed 1 m
White peony flowers are also distinguished by their structural features. The following main types can be distinguished:
Non-double buds are small and consist of 5-10 petals
- terry and semi-double;
Terry and semi-double - "fluffy" buds with numerous petals and large wide stamens
- anemone, or Japanese;
The anemone-shaped shape of the bud is a kind of flattened bowl of petals with stamens in the center
It is customary to classify peonies by flowering time. The earliest varieties bloom in early June, the later ones in early July.
The best varieties of white peonies
Before purchasing a plant for your site, you should study the varieties of white peonies with photos and descriptions. This will help you understand which species will look best in the country.
Duchesse de Nemours
The peony variety Duchesse de Nemours enters the decorative period after June 20. Perennial buds are double, white with a yellowish-milky middle, up to 16 cm in diameter. The bush itself rises 1 m above the ground, can grow in illuminated areas and in light shade. The frost resistance of the variety is medium - up to - 20 ° C.
Duchesse de Nemours, when grown in the sun, can fade to pure white
It is also found under the name Anastasiya, reaching 1.5 m in height. The buds are medium-sized, without terry, with two rows of petals, in the photo of a white peony you can see a fuchsia color at the base. In the center of the flower are dark yellow stamens. The variety is released after June 10.
Peony Anastasia Sosnovets is characterized by increased frost resistance up to - 40 ° С
White peony of domestic selection, which is also found under the name Lybed, has double globular buds of a milky shade. It blooms in early June and remains decorative for 3 weeks, all this time exuding a pleasant aroma. The bush itself rises to 80 cm in height.
The buds of the White Swan variety can reach 20 cm and are suitable for bouquets
The white peony Lotus Queen is a Japanese type with bowl-shaped buds. The outer petals of the perennial are snow-white, in the center of the flower are yellow stamens with twisted tips. The height of the bush reaches 90 cm, blooms after June 15.
Lotus Queen inflorescences are about 17 cm in diameter
Tall peony Maria, or Ave Maria, can stretch up to 140 cm. The buds of the variety are semi-double, with snow-white, slightly wavy petals at the edges. A slight pink tint is noticeable in the core of the flower. It enters the decorative period in June.
The buds of the Maria variety are very large, up to 19 cm in diameter
Iceberg white terry peony brings creamy large buds from June 20 - central and lateral. It blooms profusely, is well suited for cutting, and emits a pleasant rose scent. It grows in height up to 90 cm.
White peony Iceberg is appreciated not only for its visual appeal, but also for its resistance to diseases.
Cora Louise is a hybrid, bred on the basis of treelike and herbaceous peonies, and grows up to 1 m. The buds of the variety are cupped, creamy white with a slight pinkish tint. In the center there is a dark lilac spot and bright yellow stamens. White peony blooms in mid-June.
Cora Louise variety exudes a light refreshing aroma during flowering
Rose Marie Linz
Rose Marie Lins is one of the most beautiful white peonies. The bush rises 80 cm above the ground, at the end of June it blooms in large buds of 20 cm each. In shade, the flowers are white with a pale pink tint, in the central part of the edge of the petals they have a red border.
Rose variety Marie Linz is used for cutting, it looks good in bouquets
The peony of Soviet selection Victoria rises 1 m above the ground and brings large double flowers up to 18 cm wide. It acquires the maximum decorative effect in June, the outer petals of the perennial are pure white, and the center of the bud is pale pinkish.
Peony Victoria belongs to one of the most famous and has been grown in Russia since 1988
The tree-like Koshinoyuki blooms after June 20 and produces large buds, first with a delicate pink tint, then pure white. It reaches 1.5 m in height, has strong stems that do not bend under the flowers, and grayish-green foliage.
White flowers of Koshinoyuki look especially impressive against the background of dark leaves
The Top Brass double peony grows up to 1 m above the ground and begins flowering in mid-June. It differs in an unusual shape of the bud - the central part, or crown, consists of bright yellow and creamy white petalodia, strongly rises above the snow-white outer petals.
In diameter, beautiful crown flowers Top Brass reach 18 cm
The medium-sized Big Boy peony up to 70 cm tall belongs to interspecific hybrids and gives cup-shaped buds with wide two-row white petals. In the center of the flower are long yellow-orange stamens. The variety is very early, it enters the decorative period already in May and is one of the first to decorate the plots.
Big Boy flowers are quite large in size - about 15 cm
The domestic variety of Vorob'yevskiy peony grows up to 1 m and blooms from May 24 to early June. Perennial buds are hemispherical, pure white, located one by one on the stem. The simple yet sophisticated white look is used in flower gardens and bouquets.
White peony Vorobievsky tolerates cold well and is resistant to fungal diseases
Yellow King grows up to 80 cm in height and produces flowers of the Japanese form - with a few large petals in the form of a bowl. The shade of the buds is first light pinkish, then pure white, in the center are bright yellow dense staminodes. The variety opens in mid-June.
Yellow King looks especially bright in illuminated areas.
A beautiful double peony Gladys Hodson grows up to 1 m and produces large flowers with white petals and a slight pinkish tint. It emits a floral scent, can fall apart heavily under the weight of the buds. Blooms very late in early July.
Gladys Hodson is often used for cutting - the buds reach 20 cm
Among the best varieties of white peonies, the semi-double type Miss America occupies an important place. The perennial bush rises up to 80 cm. It blooms at the very beginning of June with white, pinkish buds with golden stamens in the center.
Miss America gives huge buds up to 25 cm in diameter
The Brother Chuck double white peony grows up to 90 cm on strong stems and begins to bloom after June 15th. The buds of the variety are pale white in the outer part and light pink in the center, yellow stamens are noticeable in the middle. Up to three flowers up to 17 cm wide can be located on one stem.
Brother Chuck is a very cold-resistant variety, capable of wintering at -43 ° С
The snow-white Carrara peony has cupped buds with dense, bright yellow staminodes in the center. In height, the bush rises by 80 cm, it enters the decorative period around June 20.
As they bloom, the white Carrara buds flatten and open up the yellow core more.
The famous Festiva Maxima belongs to the early and produces large flowers at the end of May. The buds of the variety are double, snow-white with several bright pink petals in the core. The perennial plant rises 1 m above the ground, blooms very profusely and exudes a refreshing aroma.
Festival Maxima does not bend under the weight of inflorescences and looks very impressive in the garden
Mom’s favorite peony begins to bloom after June 20 and produces medium-sized double buds of a milky white hue. The stems of the variety are strong, do not bend, reach 85 cm in height, flowering is long and abundant.
Mom's beloved looks best in sunny areas
The weakly double adorable variety blooms very early - at the end of May. It emits a faint but pleasant aroma. The buds of the variety are large, with pinkish outer petals, a snow-white center and yellow stamens in the core. The height of the bush is about 80 cm.
Peony Adorable can be grown in cold regions, it is able to winter at - 37 ° С
Bowl of cream
Bowl of Cream, or Bowl of Cream, produces large double buds of bright white color. Towards the end of flowering, it acquires a milky hue, emits a faint aroma. It blooms in mid-June, decorates the garden for a long time and is perfectly preserved in the cut. The bush rises 80 cm in height.
The Bowl of Cream won a Gold Award from the American Peony Society in 1981
White peonies in landscape design
Snow-white cup-shaped and terry perennials can often be found in garden plots. The photo of the flowers of white peonies shows that there are many options for use in the landscape. Usually they are planted:
- in single and complex flower beds, red, blue, yellow perennials are well combined with white peony;
Snow-white peony looks great on any flower bed
- as part of a hedge;
Tall tree-like peony varieties can form a hedge in the garden
- on the sides of the garden paths;
Medium and tall peonies beautifully frame neat paths
- along fences or near the wall of the house;
A flower bed with white peonies near the house decorates an unoccupied space
- on the sides of the front porch of the house or next to the dining area in the garden.
White peonies can serve as an accent for important areas of the garden.
With the help of bright white peonies, you can emphasize any area in the country or decorate an unoccupied space. Perennials look best in bright sun, but they also perceive light shading very well.
Attention! It is not worth planting a crop only in dense shade, where the plant simply cannot develop.
Features of planting and care
Beautiful white peonies do not have difficult growing requirements. To cultivate them on the site, it is enough to follow the basic rules:
- It is best to plant a perennial in autumn in September, it will have time to take root safely. The place for the plant is chosen well-lit, but closed from the wind and with a light shade, the soil should be sufficiently loose, not swampy.
- A few weeks before planting, a shallow hole is dug, twice the size of the root system of the seedling, and half filled with a mixture of sand, humus, peat and garden soil. Superphosphate, ferrous sulfate and wood ash are also added to the hole.
- The peony is dipped into the hole, sprinkled with soil mixture to the end and trampled around, and then abundantly watered and mulched with peat.
With further care, watering the peony is necessary only when the soil is severely drying out, waterlogging harms it. Fertilizers for good flowering are applied three times per season - in the spring they feed the perennial with nitrogen, and before and after flowering with phosphorus and potassium.
Advice! In the first 2 years, feeding can be skipped if the minerals were added to the soil during planting.
With the onset of autumn in October, the stalks of the white peony are cut off almost flush with the ground, leaving no more than 4 cm. Most varieties of crops winter well without shelter, but usually the flower bed is covered with humus or peat - organic matter plays the role of autumn feeding and insulates the roots. In cold regions, the culture can be additionally covered with spruce branches.
Diseases and pests
In unfavorable conditions, the white peony can suffer from fungi and viruses. The most common are:
Rust leaves reddish spots on the leaves and leads to drying out
- gray rot;
With gray rot, the roots of the peony begin to darken and soften, the disease spreads along the stems and buds
- rattle virus;
Peony leaves, when rattle, are covered with light spots and deformed
- cucumber mosaic.
The mosaic appears with light circles on the leaves and a weakening of flowering
Of the pests for white peony in the garden, the most dangerous are:
Ants eat petals and unopened buds during the flowering period
- root knot nematode;
The nematode attacks the roots of the plant and leads to the appearance of nodular growths
- bronze beetle.
A beautiful and potentially useful bronzer eats peony flowers
The fight against fungal diseases is carried out with the help of copper sulfate and Fundazol, the white peony is sprayed in early spring or three more times at intervals of 14 days. You can get rid of pests with the help of Karbofos or Aktara preparations, although it should be noted that if a perennial is infected with a nematode, it is better to dig up and destroy.
Important! To prevent the appearance of fungi and pests, the soil at the roots must be regularly loosened.
White peonies are a very beautiful and decorative culture resistant to external conditions. There are dozens of varieties of perennial plants, among themselves they differ in the size of the bush, as well as in the shade and shape of the flower.