We are searching data for your request:
Upon completion, a link will appear to access the found materials.
Madrilene cucumber belongs to the new generation of hybrids. Breeding work on the creation of the species was carried out in the Dutch company "Monsanto". The copyright holder of the variety is the US Semenis concern, which is the main supplier of planting material in the world market. In Russia, the cultivation of the hybrid showed good results, they fully correspond to the characteristics declared by the originator.
Description of Madrilene cucumbers
The Madrilene variety was created for growing in protected ground in a temperate climate; it is possible to cultivate a crop in open ground (OG) at a stable warm air temperature. Indeterminate cucumbers, without limiting growth, reach a height of three meters. The bush is half-stem type, it gives few shoots, for better vegetation and the formation of fruits, side shoots are removed.
Cucumbers of the Madrilene variety are formed with one main stem, grown in a greenhouse and OG using a trellis method. Fruit filling is high, the stem without fixing the crop does not withstand. Correction of growth depends on the height of the support, on average it is 1.8 m. Contact of the ovaries with the ground should not be allowed, without a garter the greens turn yellow and fall off.
The Madrilene cucumber variety is parthenocarpic, the bulk of the flowers are female, there are a small number of male flowers, after a certain time they dry out and crumble. Women give ovaries in 100%. Abundant flowering provides the Madrilene variety with high yields. Madrilene cucumber is early ripe: 42 days pass from the appearance of young shoots to the ripening of the first fruits. Fruiting is long, the mass of cucumbers of the first wave and the last collection is the same.
External description of the Madrilene cucumbers shown in the photo:
- Tall plant of open type with short internodes. The main stem is of medium thickness, rough, flexible, light green in color. This variety of cucumbers gives a small number of stepchildren, the processes are thin, poorly developed.
- The foliage is low, the leaves are dark green, small, cordate, sparsely pubescent, the cuttings are short.
- The root of the variety is powerful, growing to the sides, the location is superficial, the central core is poorly developed. The root system provides the plant with essential nutrients.
- The flowers are bright yellow, dominated by women, the Madrilene cucumber variety is self-pollinated. Up to 3 ovaries are formed on one node.
Attention! Madrilene cucumbers do not contain GMOs (genetically modified organisms).
Description of fruits
The peculiarity of the Madrilene variety is the leveled shape of the fruits, from the first to the last ovaries they are of the same size and weight. Cucumber Madrilene F1 is not prone to aging, overripe fruits retain their juiciness, do not turn yellow, there is no bitterness and acidity in the taste.
External characteristics of the fruit:
- have the shape of an elongated cylinder, reach no more than 10 cm in length, weight is 90 g;
- color - dark green, surface with pronounced tuberosity, each unevenness is lighter than the main tone, with short light villi;
- the peel is thin, durable, glossy, there is no waxy coating, it withstands heat treatment well;
- the pulp is juicy, dense, without voids, a small amount of seeds is located in the chambers;
- the taste of cucumbers of this variety is sweet, without acid and bitterness, with a pleasant aroma.
According to vegetable growers, Madrilene f1 cucumbers are stored for 4 days after harvest, they tolerate transportation well.
The variety is grown in greenhouses on farms for industrial purposes. All-purpose fruits are eaten fresh, they are used as ingredients in a vegetable assortment. The size of the vegetables allows them to be used as a whole for homemade preparations. In salting and pickling, they do not lose their elasticity and presentation.
The main characteristics of the variety
According to the description of the variety, Madrilene cucumber f1 is an early maturing culture. The harvest of the first wave of the harvest falls in mid-June, fruiting is long, the last cucumbers are removed before the onset of frost, on the exhaust gas approximately in the second half of September. Cucumbers are grown throughout the territory of the Russian Federation, fruiting in a closed area is higher than in open ground.
The Madrilene variety does not require an excess of sunlight. Cucumber photosynthesis and vegetation are not slowed down in the periodically shaded area. In greenhouse structures, the plant does not need additional lighting. At an early stage of development, Madrilene cucumbers safely tolerate a drop in temperature to +8 0C. After planting in open ground, young shoots are not covered overnight.
The drought resistance of the variety is average, cucumbers tolerate high temperatures only with regular watering. Drying out of the root circle inhibits the growth of gherkins; bitterness may dominate the taste. Cultivation in greenhouse structures involves drip irrigation. If the air humidity is high, there is a risk of developing a fungal infection. Waterlogging of the soil leads to root rot.
The visiting card of the culture is a consistently high yield, the Madrilene f1 cucumber, according to the description of the copyright holder and reviews of gardeners, gives high yields regardless of weather conditions. The only drawback that you should pay attention to when determining the beds is that the variety does not tolerate drafts. When exposed to the cold northern wind, the vegetation of cucumbers is incomplete, the yield decreases.
Attention! To achieve high productivity of Madrilene cucumbers, the plant must be watered during the entire growing period.
Cucumbers ripen 1.5 months after the emergence of young shoots. Depending on the cultivation method, the first cucumbers are harvested in early or mid June. The plant is not spreading, 1 m2 planted 3 pcs. The average yield of cucumbers from a bush is 15 kg (in a greenhouse), on exhaust gas the variety gives up to 12 kg. From 1 m2 remove about 40 kg.
Pest and disease resistance
According to the description, Madrilene cucumbers are genetically adapted to most of the diseases affecting the pumpkin family. If the humidity in the greenhouses is high, the manifestation of a fungal infection - anthracnose is possible. When the first signs appear, the bushes are treated with colloidal sulfur or the Hom product is used. On OG, diseases practically do not affect the plant, but the whitefly butterfly can parasitize. Prevent its reproduction with the drug "Commander".
Pros and cons of the variety
The advantages of the variety are:
- consistently high yields;
- aligned fruit shape;
- versatility in use;
- shade tolerance;
- resistance to temperature drop;
- good preservation after collection;
- pleasant taste;
- resistance to diseases and pests.
The disadvantages of Madrilene cucumbers include the degeneracy of the variety. If the planting material was collected independently, the crop may not be harvested for 3 years.
Cucumbers are bred with seeds, it is possible to plant directly on the site in the ground. To speed up the ripening time, it is recommended to grow the culture by the seedling method.
The seeds of Madrilene cucumbers for growing seedlings are laid in early April. Plant 2 seeds in small containers or glasses made of plastic or peat. Seedlings do not dive, the root system is weak, does not tolerate transplanting well.
Seedlings are placed on a greenhouse garden in early May. In the exhaust gas after warming up the earth, not less than 12 0 C, the timing is determined by the characteristics of the regional climate.
Planting seeds directly on the garden bed is possible after warming up the air at night over +8 0 C (around mid-May). In the greenhouse, seed placement is carried out in mid-April.
Site selection and preparation of beds
A bed for cucumbers is determined on neutral soils, the best soil composition is sandy loam, you can plant a variety on loam with the addition of organic matter or peat. The conditions of crop rotation must be observed; cucumbers are not grown for more than 3 years on the same plot without the addition of mineral fertilizers.
The garden bed on the exhaust gas must be protected from the effects of cold wind; it is better to choose an area behind the wall of the building on the south side. The site is prepared in the fall, before the onset of cold weather. They dig up the earth, add compost. In the spring, before planting, the soil is re-dug up, saltpeter or superphosphate is added.
How to plant correctly
Method of planting Madrilene cucumber seedlings in a greenhouse or OG:
- The landing hole is made 15 cm wide and 20 cm deep.
- Organic matter is placed at the bottom.
- The seedling, together with the root ball, is placed vertically in the center.
- Fall asleep to the lower leaves, watered.
Advice! Immediately after planting, the root circle is sprinkled with wood ash.
Scheme of planting cucumber seeds in the garden:
- Make a depression of 3 cm.
- Two seeds are placed in one hole. After leaf formation, the weak plant is harvested.
- Seedlings and seeds have 3 plants per 1m2.
- The distance between the holes is 35 cm.
Follow-up care for cucumbers
The Madrilene cucumber variety is grown in the usual way for the crop. For a plant, there are no special recommendations for agricultural technology. Care includes:
- moderate watering, preventing drying out and waterlogging of the soil;
- three dressings: the first - saltpeter, a week after planting cucumbers; the second - at the time of the formation of ovaries, use complex mineral fertilizers; the latter is organic, before the first harvest;
- loosening and weeding as the top layer of the soil dries up and weeds grow.
Cucumbers are indeterminate, therefore, a garter to the support is necessary. Growth requires correction, the top is broken along the height of the trellis. The bush of the variety is formed with one stem, the lateral processes are removed. Cut off the yellowed and lower leaves.
Madrilene cucumber is an early ripe hybrid genetically resistant to infection and parasitic insects. The variety is characterized by a high yield. Fruits with a high gastronomic value, uniform shape, universal application. The culture is grown in greenhouses and in an unprotected area. After harvesting, cucumbers are stored for a long time and safely transported.
Reviews of Madrilene cucumbers
Svetlana Belova, 60 years old, Taganrog
Cucumbers Madrilene planted this year by seeds in a greenhouse. The planting material gave 100% germination. The bushes grew quickly, bloomed together. Hybrid cucumbers rarely have aroma and flavor. The Madrilene variety pleasantly surprised: the yield is high, the fruits are all even with an excellent presentation and taste, there were no bitter ones. Gathered from a bush within 14 kg.
Natalia Tushkevich, 42 years old, Essentuki
I accidentally looked at the characteristics of Madrilene's cucumbers on the video, I got interested in the variety, and bought seeds. I placed the seedlings on an open bed. The seedlings all started. Cucumbers grew quickly, they gave few side shoots. At the height of the support, I pinned the top of the central shoot. The yield is good. Summer was cold, rainy, but I collected 10 kg from 1 plant. The only negative, it was not possible to grow cucumbers from the collected seeds for the next year. The fruits are small and uneven, the yield is less than half.