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White stork on the roof - this romantic picture can touch the heart of everyone who sees it for the first time. Settling next to a man, a graceful bird promises him happiness, abundance and procreation. Knowing about the wonderful properties of a stork, our ancestors were able not only to protect, but also to lure it to housing, erecting home-made nests with their own hands.
- It is believed that a very long time ago the Lord gathered all the reptiles crawling on the ground into a sack and instructed a person to get rid of them. The man did not fulfill the task: he opened the luggage with his own hands and all the snakes, frogs, spiders and lizards fled.
- God turned the disobedient person into a stork, and since then he has been wandering around the world, catching the released evil.
- The bird has several names - Siberian Crane and bead. If she flies to housing, then the family will have peace and prosperity. Stork's nest protects the house from fires, lightning and even from the evil eye.
- If the bird leaves the nesting place, the owner should be wary: perhaps a natural disaster or misfortune with someone close.
- The long beak of the bird personifies the symbol of male power and the continuation of the genus: it is not for nothing that the “artist” in the guise of a stork tries to click the girls with his beak at the village festivities.
- If the bird often visits someone in the field or flies over someone’s house, you need to prepare for the appearance of the baby. If the Siberian Crane lands on the hut pipe, where the wedding is celebrated, the addition to the family is guaranteed.
When and where to build nests
Rural residents have not yet lost their skills in arranging homegrown stork nests. But before embarking on this crucial matter, several conditions must be met:
- the distance to the feed "base" (meadows, pastures, swamps) should vary within 1-2 km;
- neighboring nests should be separated from each other by 200, and even better, by 300 m (to avoid bird conflicts);
- It is necessary to build a housing for the bird away from power lines.
The last condition is dictated by long-term observations: storks, like a magnet, are drawn to electric poles. Birds consider them an ideal point of observation and respite, and ... they die en masse, inadvertently touching the wires with their wings or beak.
Storks return from warm countries in March-April. Well, if the nests are waiting for their inhabitants by this time. Better yet, make a nest in advance - in the fall.
By the way, it often happens that a couple of Siberian Cranes habitat their new "houses" in May-June. This happens if the eggs of the storks are destroyed and they are forced to reproduce again.
The stork has one dream - height
Roof, pillar, tree - any natural area will fit for recreation of the stork’s nest with your own hands, the main thing is that the birds fly freely to it.
Oddly enough, in nature, long-legged dandies do not always settle high off the ground: stork dwellings were found on stumps, in thickets and simply on the ground.
If the terrain is open, the nest can be installed lower than required next to buildings and power lines. Traditionally, nests raise to a height of 4 to 10 meters.
Support and base of the structure
The main requirement for the support (tree, pillar and roof) - it must be powerful so as not to stagger and break under large birds. It is necessary to take into account both the parental weight and the weight of the offspring: one stork, standing on the wing, “pulls” at 4 kg, and the average stork usually has two to five chicks.
Do not forget also that Siberian Cranes are very fond of modernizing and strengthening their home, making it heavier from year to year. The weight of such a “nest” can vary from a few centners to a ton.
The basis for a home-made nest can be old wheels (usually bicycles), harrows, or rounded constructions made by yourself from metal rods, branches or boards.
The diameter of the base is at least one meter. Nails and stakes must be driven along the perimeter, which will stand in the way of the branches, saving them from slipping.
Nest like real
If the stork has a choice between the old and the new dwelling, he will not hesitate to stop at the proven one. Therefore, luring the feathered symbol of well-being to your home, apply a tactical trick - create an already inhabited nest with your own hands.
You will need these natural materials:
- brushwood (several bundles);
- dry manure (horse or cow);
- white lime.
Branches or knitwear strengthen on the platform, wrapping them. Throw straw over brushwood. Try to do without wire - it is traumatic for storks. Lime will act as a bird droppings (with it you will walk along the outer sides of the nest).
It is noted that birds are much more likely to choose such prepared nests than smooth, uncomfortable sites.
Nest on your house
In order to erect a stork shelter on your roof, you will need to first make "goats."
The procedure is as follows:
- Two wooden blocks (1.3 m each) are knocked together so that their long parts protrude per meter, and the short ones - 0.3 m. There should be two such crosses.
- Crosses fasten with a lath a meter from each other.
- "Goats" are placed on the roof.
- A homemade scaffold or a used wheel is mounted on top of the structure, which must be thoroughly approved on the roof by tying it with wire or rope.
- If you want to “decorate” a chimney with a stork’s house, raise it above the chimney by at least a meter so that the smoke flows freely.
- Tie the pipe around the perimeter with metal pins or pegs, on which the stork nest "sits". In order not to burn, protect it from flying sparks with an iron sheet.
Those who welcomed storks to their home know that they have to pay cleanliness in the neighborhood for them: not only litter flies down, but also the garbage that storks drag into their homes.
- The basis for it must also be done independently or use the "obsolete" wheel.
- The top is cut down so that a spacious area is formed. It is not forbidden to cut a group of branches if a single top is not observed.
- Meter pruned branches are nailed horizontally to their native knots.
- On top of this frame, additional branches (boards) are laid and they are also nailed.
The support is ready!
Keep in mind that young shoots grow sprightly on trees with sawn branches. They must be removed in a timely manner, otherwise the storks will forget the way here.
How to make a nest for storks
A functioning power transmission tower is a strict taboo for placing a bird's dwelling.
Take those poles that are no longer in use (concrete, metal or wood). They must be driven into the ground so that no storm can tumble them down.
You can pin a nest to a wooden post, and weld to a metal one.
If you want to do more witty - make a kind of cap for the top fragment of the pillar, and already put a nest on it.
Ornithologists advise all voluntary helpers of birds not only to build new stork nests, but also to check the condition of old ones more often. A tenth of storks die due to falling nests.
- Carefully inspect the branches under the nests. If the branch "breathes in the air", it is better to cut it down by building a stork house nearby.
- Sometimes storks ignore a still quite solid nest: the weed that breaks there may be the cause. By destroying inappropriate greens, you are sure to attract birds to your home.
- Looking into the nests, do not forget to throw out objects and materials that are dangerous for stork kids. There is a known case when adult storks covered the bottom of the nest with film, and the chicks died, drowning in rainwater.
And the last one. Be patient in anticipation of "their" storks - they can be accustomed to a new home for several years. Artificial nests are not populated as often as we would like. But do not lose hope: if you have complied with all the "building codes" and are really looking for feathered guests, they will certainly fly to your house.