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Narcissus, or Narcissus belongs to the genus of monocotyledonous plants and is a member of the amaryllis family. Features are the presence of bulbs and ribbon-like leaves of different widths. The flowers are located at the top of leafless stems, which have a coating of filmy wire.
Features of daffodils
Flowers can be single or several at once. Perianth has a petal shape and looks like a tubular funnel, which passes into a straightened limb. It consists of six identical parts. The appearance of the flower is a solid or lobed bell with six stamens and a trihedral lower ovary.
The presence of a strong, stupefying, sweet smell, allowed even in antiquity to use narcissus oil in perfumery. Narcissus is very common in Europe. Especially often it is grown in Mediterranean countries. There are varieties and species that grow in Asia, Japan and China.
The Royal Horticultural Society identifies several main classes of daffodils:
- Jonquilla and apodanthus
- Split-corona: Collar
- Split-corona: papillon
Varieties of daffodils
In nature, there are about 60 species of these flowers. In addition, it was possible to bring a huge number of different varieties and hybrids of this magnificent flower. The selection of the daffodil was replenished with 35 thousand new varieties.
The most popular and popular among flower growers are the following types of daffodils:
- Tubular, or trumpet. It is distinguished by the presence of large, single flowers that have a crown in the form of a bell with a very long tube. The color scheme is represented by white, yellow, rarely two-tone flowers.
- Large-cupped, or large-cupped. The special sizes of a single flower and bract are characteristic. A short crown occupies a third of the perianth. The color scheme is very diverse.
- Shallow, or small-cupped. This group of daffodils is very reminiscent of natural and wild varieties. They differ in rather small sizes of flowers. Most often, they can be seen in the wildlife photo.
- Terry, or double. This group of daffodils holds several subgroups at once. They come with extra perianth lobes; with a terry tube or crown; with terry perianth; have several flowers on one peduncle. Photos of terry daffodils most often adorn calendars.
- Triandrus, or Triandrus. This species belongs to multi-flowered daffodils, in the breeding of which a three-stamen daffodil was involved. The color scheme is white or yellow.
- Cyclamenoid, or Cyclamineus. It is distinguished by the presence of characteristic drooping, single flowers, which, with their length, have a narrow tube and bent perianth lobes.
- Jonquillium, or Jonquilla. Low stems are equipped with a significant amount of small, strongly smelling flowers. A very decorative look of daffodil.
- Multi-flowered, or Bunch-flowered. The name of this type of daffodils speaks for itself. Peduncle can have more than eight flowers. Photos of such daffodils can often be found in magazines.
Interesting combinations of daffodils with other plants
Daffodils are flowers that look great in combination with other plants. An interesting and vibrant floral ensemble allows you to get a combination of daffodils and tulips. Suitable neighbors for daffodils, with which you can decorate a modern flower garden, are hyacinths, crocuses and cannons.
Daffodils can be planted together with low perennials, which are able to complement each other. A harmonious combination is the proximity of daffodils with viols. We advise you to read an article about creating a perennial flowerbed on a garden plot.
Rules for planting daffodils
Daffodils are perennial flowers. They are distinguished by shade tolerance, but at the same time they are a photophilous plant. Daffodils are unpretentious, landing does not take much time and effort. These winter-hardy flowers prefer ordinary garden soil and moderate moisture. The best places to plant are loamy soils with medium shade. A month before planting, fertilizer should be applied to the soil, as well as sand and peat.
Landing is carried out at the end of September. This period allows the bulbs to take root even before frost. You can grow daffodils in a pot. Healthy daffodil bulbs should be treated with a disinfectant solution. The pot is filled with a light and nutritious soil mixture. The optimum temperature for growth is 20 ° C.
Transplanting these flowers is not required for several years. It is recommended to grow them in one place no longer than six seasons.
Daffodils and their planting require careful attention. Basic care and top dressing must be carried out three times a season. The first top dressing is carried out immediately after emergence. The second - during the budding period, and the third corresponds to the flowering stage. Daffodils do not need additional nutrition after flowering. You can learn about the types of organic dressings used for plants by reading an article posted in one of our previous publications.
For bouquets, flowers should not be cut, but broken out. This method is less traumatic for a flowering plant.
For breeding and wintering, only healthy and high-quality planting material should be left. Bulbs of daffodils should be resilient and large. Coating flakes should have a healthy white or yellowish color. Peeling flakes can be a sign of various fungal diseases.
The flowering period of daffodils is relatively long and stretches to April-June. In the northern regions, which are characterized by harsh winters, daffodils must be sheltered immediately before the onset of stable frosts.
Diseases and Pests
Like other plants and flowers, daffodils are susceptible to various diseases, and also often become the object of food for some pests.
- Fusarium okusporum f. narcissi causes severe disease of fusarium in daffodils;
- Sclerotinia narcissicola infects daffodils with sclerotic rot.
Daffodils are susceptible to viral diseases and the attack of the following pests:
- root, bulb and stem nematodes;
- daffodil and bulb flies;